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Lesson 3 Chinese Word Order (Part 3)

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In this lesson, you will learn the word order regarding the “there is / there are – yǒu (有)” structure. The sentences you will learn are:

  • There’s a cup on the table.
  • There are many paintings in his house.
  • There is a lot of snow on the roof.
  • There are a lot of foreign students in my school.

Also, you will learn how to construct sentences with “it” in them, such as:

  • It’s hot today.
  • It’s 5 o’clock now.
  • It’s hard to learn Chinese.

In this lesson, you will learn the word order regarding the “there is / there are – yǒu (有)” structure. The sentences you will learn are:

  • There’s a cup on the table.
  • There are many paintings in his house.
  • There is a lot of snow on the roof.
  • There are a lot of foreign students in my school.

Also, you will learn how to construct sentences with “it” in them, such as:

  • It’s hot today.
  • It’s 5 o’clock now.
  • It’s hard to learn Chinese.

Comments (38)

I really enjoyed the animation of "IT" going into the bin! Haha
Sarah Huishi 9 months 3 weeks ago
Last night my 4-year-old watched a bit of this video and informed me that Yang Yang is pretty. I don't know if his appreciation of Chinese grammar changed much, but he turned five today, so it was kind of like a coming of age moment for him on his last day of being four, what with his starting to notice women and all.
Dunn 1 year 2 months ago
Yangyang, Why dont we say" xue2 zhong1 wen2 xue2 de (得) hen3 nan2"? But just xue2 zhong1wen2 hen3 nan2 as the video. Because I thought xue2+O so we need to repead the verb, is it right?
Serena Dinh 1 year 4 months ago
In this case, the sentence structure is: SUBJECT + INTENSIFIER + ADJECTIVAL VERB. SUBJECT: 学中文 (xué zhōng wén) - "to learn Chinese". INTENSIFIER: 很 (hěn) - very ADJECTIVAL VERB: 难 (nán) - difficult/hard More about adjectival verbs here: http://www.yoyochinese.com/learn-Chinese/beginner-Mandarin-Chinese-lesso...
Micah at Yoyo Chinese 1 year 4 months ago edited
Hi yangyang, I see you use "li3" to specify locations, but "zai4" was not used. Why not? If I say: zai4 ta1 de fang2zi you3 hen3 duo1 hua4, or zai4 fang2 ding3 shang4 you3 hen3 duo1 xue3, is it correct? Could you explain the differences between "zai4" and "li3" for me?
Serena Dinh 1 year 7 months ago
在 (zài) and 里 (lǐ) are different. 在 means "to be located" and 里 means to "inside", a specific location. You can add the 在 (zài) at the beginning of the sentence in front of the location too, but you would still have to add 里 (lǐ) after 房子 (fáng zi) for the specific location.
Yoyo Chinese 1 year 7 months ago
Having the comment section here is just another value-add to this course! This comment really helped clarification.
benjagmann 4 months 3 weeks ago
Glad it could help! :)
Jenny at Yoyo Chinese 4 months 3 weeks ago
The verb 有 means "to have' and "there is/are/was/were". The verb "tem" in Portuguese also means "has/have' and "there is/are". They do have a separate past/future tense etc., but it is still the same verb.
Hodge 1 year 7 months ago
Cool, that's good to know. Thanks for sharing. :)
Yoyo Chinese 1 year 7 months ago
I noticed a lot of sentences specifying locations, in which "zai4" was not used. Why not?
Nazarian Matt 1 year 9 months ago
actually it's just the first 2 that have the same filename
Pippa 1 year 9 months ago
Hello. I download your lecture notes to a PDF reader but because they all have the same file name "lecture-notes" I can't put them in the same folder because the older ones will be replaced by the more recent. Is it possible to rename your files with unique names?
Pippa 1 year 9 months ago
Thank you for letting us know. Sorry about the system glitch. You may also download the compiled lecture notes files in our download center. The file names should be unique.
Yoyo Chinese 1 year 9 months ago
In the video, one of the sentences is 'xue2 zhong1 wen2 hen3 nan2'. In the lecture notes, 'xue2' has moved to the end of the sentence. Which is correct and why?
marisa 1 year 11 months ago
Both are correct. 学中文很难 (xué zhōng wén hěn nán) is "learning Chinese is hard", and 中文很难学 (zhōng wén hěn nán xué) is literally Chinese is hard to learn.
Yoyo Chinese 1 year 11 months ago
It's unbelievable how you make learning Chinese so easy! Thanks YangYang
Aguiar 2 years 2 months ago
Thank you for the support, Aguiar. Good luck with your Chinese studies. :)
Yoyo Chinese 2 years 2 months ago
Why is it 'Li3' used after house?? in the sentences there are many paintings in his house.
Siudrag 2 years 4 months ago
lǐ means inside. So fǎng zi lǐ means inside the house.
Yoyo Chinese 2 years 4 months ago
(En) It is 5 o'clock now. (Cn) Now 5 o'clock is. 现在五点是
008klm 2 years 4 months ago
It is 5 o'clock now = 现在五点 xiàn zài wǔ diǎn. There's no 是shì at the end.
Yoyo Chinese 2 years 4 months ago
Hi. Are 中文很难学 and 学中文很难 both OK?
Munissara 2 years 6 months ago
Yes, both are okay.
Yoyo Chinese 2 years 6 months ago
Hi This is my first post. Just want to say I'm _LOVING_ the material! There are lots of different things I like about it - but in particular, I like its lightheartedness. For example, seeing "IT" going into the rubbish bin made me giggle. But there's a serious point to it too, 'cos I'm fairly certain that I'll never forget the point that Yang Yang was making. Thank you, Yang Yang. Thank you Team. Munissara X
Munissara 2 years 9 months ago
Thank you so much for choosing Yoyo Chinese. We really appreciate the nice comments. :)
Yoyo Chinese 2 years 9 months ago
How about sentences with words like 会, 住, 呆 ? How do you order the sentence then? For example, Tomorrow I will be staying at my parents home for 2 nights 明天我会呆在我父母的家两夜?
ramon.denhartog 2 years 11 months ago
That's good! It's more common to use 晚 instead of 夜. You may use either 住 or 呆. 呆 is more colloquial. :)
Yoyo Chinese 2 years 11 months ago
Is this correct: (Eng.) There are only five more days until school's over! (Ch.) Five only more days there are until school's over! (P) Wu3 zhi3 geng4 duo1 tian1 you3 zhi2 dao4 xue2 xiao4 shi4 yi3 shang4!
slee65 3 years 2 months ago
Not exactly. It cannot be translated word by word from Chinese to English. You may say "zhi3 you3 wu3 tian1 xue2 xiao4 jiu4 jie2 shu4 le." The meaning of "over" in this sentence is jie2 shu4 (end) not yi3 shang4 (more than). :)
Yoyo Chinese 3 years 2 months ago
In the sentence "zhuōzi shàng yǒu yíge bēizi", you write "yíge" not "yígè", "yīge" or "yīgè"; all of which I've seen elsewhere. 1) Why was the tone marker dropped from "gè"? Is there any rule for dropping tones from the second word in a word pair, like "kàndào" vs "kànjian"? 2)You said that "yī" becomes "yí" before fourth tone. Does this also apply always, when the tone has been dropped from the following word?
Hume 3 years 8 months ago
both yi2 ge and yi2 ge4 are okay. There's no specific rule when the second word in a word pair becomes neutral tone. As for the tone changing rules of yi1, please refer to our last Google hangout from this link: www.youtube.com/watch?v=rxNHIdn_xjE.
Yoyo Chinese Development 3 years 7 months ago
and also why have we used the word fang2 zi for house here instead of jia1
Narang 3 years 10 months ago
fang2 zi is the physical house, in contrast, jia1 is home or family.
Yoyo Chinese Development 3 years 10 months ago
ohh .. i got it .. thank you ..
Narang 3 years 9 months ago
also the the preposition li3 is coming after the object house .. which in english ususally occurs before. Is there is a difference in the preposition word order too .. Example in English it is "In the HOUSE" and in chinese it is "zai4 jia1 li3"
Narang 3 years 10 months ago
Hi Narang, the word order in Chinese is different from English. For Chinese, it's object + preposition, so preposition goes after the object.
Yoyo Chinese Development 3 years 10 months ago
Thanks, i got it
Sunmeiyu 4 years 2 months ago
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